The municipality of Blanca is located in the area known as the Vega Alta del Segura; it borders Abarán in the North, Ulea and Ojós in the South, Molina de Segura and Fortuna in the East and Ricote in the West. It extends over 87.7 square kilometres and occupies 0.77 of the surface are of the Region of Murcia. Its average height above sea level is 233m and its population density is around 68 inhabitants per square kilometre.
The ground is very uneven. There is a small valley that borders the Ricote mountains, the Sierra del Oro and Ricote at midday which forms a narrow pass with vertical walls: "El Solvente", where the river reaches the area of Ojós. The Northern border is found in the Sierra de Solán (556m), with a number of watercourses and ditches. To the North of this valley you can find an undulating plateau of ground which doesn't get higher than 300m, bordered in the North by the Sierra de la Pila ( El Pilón, 1264m) which extends over the municipalities of Abarán, Jumilla, Fortuna and Molina de Segura.
The main riverbed is the Segura river, on the right hand side of which can be found the Tejera, del Puente, del Zapatero and del Pantano watercourses which originate in the Sierra de Ricote; on the left hand side, there is the San Roque watercourse.
The climate is semi-arid and the ground is mainly loamy soil with alternating dark limestone.
The inhabitants live between Blanca village and its districts: Alto del Palomo, Buyla, Huerta de Arriba, Tollos, Runes, Bayna and La Estación.
It is of Arabic origins. It appears for the first time in history in 1281, under the primitive name of Negra, when prince Sancho promises to donate it to the Order of Santiago as thanks for the help received in the differences he maintained with his father Alfonso X.
In 1383 the name of Blanca appears in a document by Martin Alfonso de Valdivieso, brought from the Kingdom of Murcia by the Count of Carrión to the council of Murcia, dated October 18, in which the liberty of a moor from Blanca is solicited from his appointment in the Ricote Valley, having been taken at the behest of a Jew from Elche.
The Patron Saint's fiestas to honour San Roque take place on August 16, although on the Friday following Good Friday there is also a small pilgrimage to the Saint's nearby hermitage.
The Patron Saint is Nuestra Señora la Virgen de Dolores (September 15) but it is not a local bank holiday: the Friday before Easter is more important.
Ángel Ríos Martínez
Official Town Chronicler